「現在分詞」與「過去分詞」當形容詞怎麼用? - 空中美語部落格

「現在分詞」與「過去分詞」當形容詞怎麼用?

    

現在分詞與過去分詞的差異

(Picture from freepik.com-pikisuperstar)
 
你知道「現在分詞V-ing」與「過去分詞V-ed」是可以當「形容詞」用的嗎?但兩者分別表示的意涵並不相同,舉例如下:
 

現在分詞表示「主動、動作正在進行」。

The children looked out of the window at the snow that/which was falling.
→The children looked out of the window at the falling snow.
小孩們往窗外看正在落下的雪。
 
The police stopped the man who tried to get on the train that/which was moving.
→The police stopped the man who tried to get on the moving train.
警察攔住了那個想要跳上移動中的火車的男子。
 

過去分詞表示「被動、動作已完成」。

Be careful! The floor is covered with glass that/which was broken.
→Be careful! The floor is covered with broken glass.
小心!地板上滿是碎裂的玻璃。
 
You shouldn't drink tea that/which has ice in it when you still have a cold.
→You shouldn't drink iced tea when you still have a cold.
你不應該在還有感冒的時候喝茶。
 

📌 還有明明長的一樣的「動名詞」跟「現在分詞」,詞性卻不同?

 
 
 

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