文法不卡卡!英文「被動語態」一個公式就搞定! - 空中美語部落格

文法不卡卡!英文「被動語態」一個公式就搞定!

    
什麼是「被動語態」呢?
你是否經常混淆如何將主動句轉被動句?
甚至覺得為何要這麼搞剛,何不通通都用主動句直述呢?
想了解「被動語態」使用的時機點,和如何轉換主、被動句型就看下去吧!
 

被動語態文法大破解

主動句轉換被動句的規則

英文的主動句與被動句轉換公式

❶ 將主動語態的受詞變為被動語態的主詞。

 將主動語態的動詞改為 beV + p.p. 的結構。

 將主動語態的主詞前加上 by,並改成受格。

 

Example :

主動語態:The doctors can no longer control a disease.

被動語態:A disease can no longer be controlled (by the doctors).

 

被動語態的使用時機點

📌 強調動作及接受動作的人或物:

Thomas's restaurant was visited by a famous chef last night.
昨天晚上有一位名廚拜訪湯瑪士的餐廳。

📌 動作者不明,強調動作,此時「by O」可省略:

This old building was used to house soldiers during World War II.
這棟舊建築在二次大戰時期用來安置士兵。

📌 動作者名稱過長時:

The awards show should be hosted by someone known for great achievements in acting.
頒獎典禮應該由在演藝方面擁有偉大成就的人來主持。
 
 

各種時態的被動式---掌握「be動詞+過去分詞」的原則做時態變化!

1. 現在簡單式:am / is / are + V-p.p.

My homework is completed before I watch TV in the evenings.
我的作業在我晚上看電視前就完成了。

2. 過去簡單式:was / were + V-p.p.

The new students were teased by the older boys at school.
新來的學生在學校被學長戲弄。

3. 未來簡單式:will be + V-p.p.

A new president will be elected if the public isn't happy with the government's performance.
假如大眾不滿意現任的政府表現,將會選出新的總統。

4. 現在進行式:am / is / are + being + V-p.p.

A new bridge is currently being built to replace the old one. 
近期正在搭建新的橋樑來取代舊橋。

5. 過去進行式:was / were + being + V-p.p 

When I was there last year, a new bridge was being built to replace the old one.
我去年在這時,當時在搭建一座新橋要取代舊橋。

6. 現在完成式:has / have been + V- p.p.

A new bridge has just been built to replace the old one.
一座新的橋樑已經搭建好,取代了舊的橋。

7. 過去完成式:had been + V-p.p.

A new bridge had been built to replace the old one by the time the train station was finish.
火車站完工時,已經搭建好一座新橋取代舊橋。

8. 未來完成式:will have been + V-p.p.

By next year, a new bridge will have been built to replace the old one.
到明年將會建造一座新橋來取代舊橋。
 
 
 

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